Students explain how the structures, features, and conventions of text, including form and genre, 'text features', literary elements, non-fiction elements, literary devices, and idiomatic expressions can contribute to the meaning of texts.
B11 explain how structures and features of text work to develop meaning, including form, function, and genre of text (e.g., brochure about smoking to inform students; genre is persuasive), 'text features' (e.g., copyright, table of contents, headings, index, glossary, diagrams, sidebars, pull-quotes), literary elements (e.g., character, setting, problem, plot, climax, conflict, theme, conclusion, resolution), non-fiction elements (e.g., topic sentence, development of ideas with supporting details, central idea), literary devices (e.g., imagery, sensory detail, simile, metaphor), idiomatic expressions
relate their knowledge of features of the text to the functions of the text (e.g., knowing that ads are designed to sell can help them decide how to respond; knowing that information texts do not need to be read sequentially can help them find information efficiently)
explain the purpose of 'text features' (e.g., bold and italic type, hyperlinks, sidebars)
analyse magazine articles to evaluate how 'text features' support understanding
identify some literary devices, including rhyme, rhythm, alliteration, imagery, sensory detail, simile, metaphor, and idiomatic expressions
use vocabulary such as copyright, plagiarism, table of contents, headings, index, glossary, diagrams, sidebars, and pull-quotes to talk about their function in relation to reading and viewing
explain how the use of written conventions impacts the reading of the text (e.g., how punctuation changes alter meaning; how misspelling interferes with comprehension; how careless sentence construction, such as a misplaced modifier, affects comprehension)