Students use structures, features, and conventions of texts, including form and genre, function of text, 'text features', literary elements, non-fiction elements, literary devices, and idiomatic expressions to derive meaning from texts.
B11 explain how structures and features of text work to develop meaning, including form, function, and genre of text (e.g., brochure about smoking to inform students; genre is persuasive), 'text features' (e.g., copyright, table of contents, headings, index, glossary, diagrams, sidebars), literary elements (e.g., character, setting, problem, plot, climax, conflict, theme, conclusion), non-fiction elements (e.g., topic sentence, development of ideas with supporting details, central idea), literary devices (e.g., imagery, sensory detail, simile, metaphor), idiomatic expressions
relate their knowledge of features of the text to the functions of the text (e.g., knowing the form of a business letter gives a context for reading it; knowing that information texts do not need to be read sequentially can help in finding information efficiently)
analyse newspaper articles to evaluate how 'text features' support understanding
identify some literary devices including imagery, sensory detail, and figurative language