4 Students will listen, speak, read, write, view, and represent to enhance the clarity and artistry of communication.
4.1 Generate and Focus
4.1.1 Experiment with several ways to generate ideas and focus a topic.
4.1.2 Compose using specific forms [such as biographies, letters to the editor, newspaper articles, audio-visual presentations...] that ensure a match between content, audience, and purpose.
4.1.3 Identify and use a variety of organizational patterns [such as rising action, pyramid structure, cause and effect, comparison and contrast, sequence...] in own oral, written, and visual texts; compose effective introductions and conclusions.
4.2 Enhance and Improve
4.2.1 Share own work in a variety of ways; appraise particular aspects [such as word choice, description, language usage, organization, audience appeal...] of own and others' work and presentations using pre-established criteria.
4.2.2 Revise to enhance meaning and effect according to audience and purpose.
4.2.3 Format for legibility and emphasis when composing and revising; enhance the coherence and impact of documents using electronic editing functions [such as cut, paste, copy, insert...].
4.2.4 Experiment with figures of speech and compound and complex sentences to clarify and combine ideas; provide effective descriptions.
4.2.5 Prepare compositions, reports, presentations, and inquiry or research projects using a variety of organizers [such as chapters, table of contents, headings, introduction, conclusion...].
4.3 Attend to Conventions
4.3.1 Edit for sentence variety, word choice, and tone appropriate to audience and purpose, and to eliminate misplaced modifiers.
4.3.2 Know spelling conventions and apply them to familiar and unfamiliar words; use appropriate resources when editing and proofreading.
4.3.3 Know and apply capitalization and punctuation conventions consistently in a variety of sentence structures and written forms when editing and proofreading.
4.4 Present and Share
4.4.1 Plan and facilitate small-group activities and short, whole-class sessions to share information on a topic using a variety of engaging methods [such as mini-lessons, role-plays, visual aids...].
4.4.2 Explain, share, and present orally using appropriate conventions of public speaking in a variety of settings [such as small-group and whole-class presentations...]; use visual aids to enhance the effectiveness of oral presentations.
4.4.3 Demonstrate critical listening and viewing skills and strategies [such as activating prior knowledge, integrating new information, evaluating the effectiveness of the introduction and conclusion...] and show respect for presenter(s).